How to Prevent Diabetes Mellitus, Types, Causes, Complication and Treatment

This post about diabetes mellitus is the definition, what causes diabetes type 1, symptoms, complications, prevention and treatment of diabetes.

 Prevent Diabetes Mellitus, Types, Causes, Complication and Treatment

The estimation that about 200 million people globally are suffering from the Diabetes Mellitus disease is something that is worrisome. The World Health Organization in 1997 forecasted that by the year 2000, global Diabetes Mellitus will hit an all-time 153.9 million and by 2025, it will amount to 299.1 million. 

The spread of the disease is growing faster than it was predicted and we are all at the moment at risk. How do we help to reduce this worrisome figure than to spread this awareness through every medium available to us? It is essential for you to prevent yourself from this disease with good healthy habits. 

These essential tips about prevention of Diabetes Mellitus are a call to action that you can share with your loved ones in creating awareness for DM. It is simply to create awareness about how DM can be prevented and for persons already diagnosed with the disease, how it can be managed.

Definition of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DM), often simply referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

Types of Diabetes Mellitus

There are three main types of diabetes mellitus (DM). 

[1]. Type 1 diabetes mellitus which results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and presently requires the person to inject insulin or wear an insulin pump. 

[2]. Type 2 diabetes mellitus which results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. 

[3]. Gestational diabetes occurs when pregnant women without a previous diagnosis of diabetes develop a high blood glucose level. It may precede development of type 2 DM. 

Causes of Diabetes Mellitus
 
[1]. Genetic defect of the pancreas.

[2]. Heredity (genetic factors passed on in families). 

[3]. Diseases of the pancreas e.g. chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic neoplasia and cystic fibrosis. 

[4]. Drugs and toxins that impair insulin secretion or damage the beta cells. 

[5]. Insensitivity of insulin receptors on the cells (cells have become resistant to the insulin produced and it may not work as effectively). 

Incidence of Diabetes Mellitus

[1]. It is estimated that about 200 million people globally are suffering from the disease. 

[2]. In 1997, WHO (World Health Organization) forecast was that by year 2000, global DM will be 153.9 million and by 2025, it will be 299.1 million. 

[3]. The disease is growing faster than predicted. 

[4]. In the U.S, about 12 million persons are affected while in the U.K, some 2.6 million people live with this condition. 

Risk Factor of Diabetes Mellitus

We all are at risk: 

[1]. Family history of Diabetes. 

[2]. Obesity/Lack of exercise/Sedentary lifestyle (No physical activity). 

[3]. Certain drugs e.g. prolonged use of steroids. 

[4]. Pregnancy/Disease of the pancreas. 

[5]. Age (65 years UP). 

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

[1]. Poor wound healing. 

[2]. Unexplained weight loss. 

[3]. Polyuria - frequent large volume of urine. The urine is sweet and attracts ants. 

[4]. Glucosuria - excretion of glucose into the urine. 

[5]. Hyperglycemia (or high blood sugar). 

[6]. Big babies (Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy). 

[7]. Infections (Boils, Fungal, Candida).

[8]. Polydipsia – increased thirst. 

[9]. Increased water intake. 

[10]. Polyphagia – increased hunger. 

[11]. Generalized wasting/weakness. 

[12]. Blurred vision and other eye problems.

Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus

[1]. By checking the blood sugar. 

[2]. Fasting blood sugar > 110mg/dl. 

[3]. Random blood sugar > 200mg/dl.

Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus

[1]. Since type 1 diabetics make no insulin, they require daily insulin tablets or injections in order to process their blood sugar properly. 

[2]. Type 2 diabetes can be controlled with proper diet and exercise, although medication may be necessary for more severe forms.
 
[3]. Diet (This is the first line of treatment in Type 2 DM). 
  • Diabetic diet should be of high soluble fiber and low saturated fat. 
  • Reduce carbohydrates and increase protein and fat intake. 
  • Control glucose drinks as well. 
  • Locally made beans and its products are good. 
  • Plantain flour is common in this environment. 
  • Lifestyle modification is very essential. Control food intake. 
[4]. Exercise regularly. 

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus
 
[1]. The better the blood glucose level is controlled, the less likely for one to have complications. 

[2]. Presence of smoking, elevated cholesterol, obesity HBP and lack of exercise will worsen the DM. 

[3]. Parts of the body that are mainly affected:
  • The heart. 
  • The nerves. 
  • The kidneys. 
  • Blood vessels - legs and feet. 
  • The eyes. 
  • The skin.

Prevention of Diabetes Mellitus

[1]. Healthy lifestyle:
  • Exercise – An active lifestyle. 
  • Monitor blood sugar. 
  • Stop smoking. 
  • Reduce obesity – An ideal weight.
 
[2]. If you are a diabetic in addition to the above:
  • Take prescribed medications. 
  • Do not exceed the dose. 
  • Keep to appointments. 
  • Care for your feet. 
  • Report any adverse signs. 
  • Carry a chest bracelet that you are a diabetic on insulin or drug. 

Effect of Exercise on Diabetes Mellitus

[1]. Exercise tends to stimulate the production of insulin especially in non-insulin dependent DM. 

[2]. Exercise increases the rate of metabolism and absorption of carbohydrates. 

[3]. It increases the rate of muscle utilization of carbohydrates (CHO). 

[4]. It tends to reduce to its barest minimum, the development of complications earlier mentioned. 

Conclusion

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that ultimately affects every system of the body and our enjoyment of life. 

It is not a death sentence, early diagnosis and proper management will make all the difference. 

The goal of treatment is to maintain blood glucose level as near normal as possible. (Food, Drug and Exercise). 

Your health is in your hands!

Finally Good News for all Diabetics


DIABETIC? FINALLY GOOD NEWS FOR ALL DIABETICS

A woman (65) was diabetic for the last 20+ years and was taking insulin twice a day, she used the enclosed homemade medicine for a fortnight and now she is absolutely free of diabetes and taking all her food as normal including sweets.

The doctors have advised her to stop insulin and any other blood sugar controlling drugs. 

I request you all please circulate the email below to as many people as you can and let them take the maximum benefit from it. 

AS RECEIVED:

DR. TONY ALMEIDA (Bombay Kidney Speciality expert) made the extensive experiments with perseverance and patience and discovered a successful treatment for diabetes. 

Nowadays a lot of people, old men and women in particular suffer a lot due to Diabetes. Ingredients: 

1. Wheat flour 100 gm.
2. Gum (of tree) (gondh) 100 gm.
3. Barley 100 gm. 
4. Black Seeds (kalunji) 100 gm.

Method of Preparation 

Put all the above ingredients in 5 cups of water.Boil it for 10 minutes and put off the fire. Allow it to cool down by itself. When it has become cold, filter out the seeds and preserve the water in a glass jug or bottle. 

How to Use it

Take one small cup of this water every day early in the morning when your stomach is empty. Continue this for 7 days. 

Next week repeat the same but on alternate days. With these 2 weeks of treatment you will wonder to see that you have become normal and can eat normal food without problem. 

Note: A request is to spread this to as many as possible so that others can also take benefit out of it. 

SINCE THESE ARE ALL NATURAL INGREDIENTS, TAKING THEM IS NOT HARMFUL. SO THOSE WHO ARE SKEPTICAL ABOUT THIS TREATMENT MAY STILL TRY IT WITHOUT ANY HARM. WORST CASE SCENARIO WILL BE THAT YOU REMAIN STILL SAME AS YOU WERE BEFORE.

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Nsikak Andrew: How to Prevent Diabetes Mellitus, Types, Causes, Complication and Treatment
How to Prevent Diabetes Mellitus, Types, Causes, Complication and Treatment
This post about diabetes mellitus is the definition, what causes diabetes type 1, symptoms, complications, prevention and treatment of diabetes.
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